2D Static Edge Crack
Two different mesh sizes are provided. The 40 by 40 domain has the crack intersecting element edges, while the 41 by 41 domain has a crack not intersecting any element edges.
Crack Aligned with Element Edge
Crack Not Aligned with Element Edge
Tutorial for 2D Edge Crack
Creating the Uncracked Domain
1. Open Abaqus/CAE 6.9 or later.
2. Double click on Parts. Enter name as Plate, Modeling Space is 2D Planar, Type is Deformable, Base Feature is Shell and Approximate Size is 5. Click Continue.
3. Use the rectangle tool to draw a square from (-2,-2) to (2,2). Click Done.
4. Double click on Materials. Enter name as Aluminum. Click on Mechanical, then Elasticity, then Elastic. Enter Young's modulus as 70 GPa and Poisson's ratio as 0.33. Click on Mechanical, then Damage for Traction Separation laws, then Maxps Damage. Enter a value of 500 MPa. From the Suboptions menu click on Damage Evolution. Enter Displacement at Failure as 1. Click Ok. Click Ok.
5. Double click on Sections. Name as Main. Accept default settings by clicking Continue. Select Aluminum as material and click box by Plane stress/strain thickness. Enter 1 as thickness. Click Ok.
6. Expand Parts then expand Plate. Double click on Section Assignments. Select the domain. Click Done. Accept default settings. Click Ok.
7. Expand Plate. Double click on Mesh. From the top menu select Seed, then Edge By Number. Select the Domain. Click Done. Enter 41 as Number of elements along the edges. Hit Enter. Click Done.
8. From the top menu select Mesh, then Controls. Select Quad, Structured. Click Ok. From the top menu select Mesh, then Part. Click Yes.
9. Expand Assembly. Double click on Instances. Select Plate. Accept default settings by clicking Ok.
Creating the Cracked Domain
1. Double click on Parts. Enter name as Crack, Modeling Space is 2D Planar, Type is Deformable, Base Feature is Wire and Approximate Size is 5. Click Continue.
2. Draw a line from (-2,0) to (-1,0). Click Done.
3. Expand Assembly, then double click on Instances. Select Crack. Accept default settings by clicking Ok.
4. Double click on Interactions. Click Cancel. From top menu click Special, then Crack, then Create. Name as EdgeCrack, Type is XFEM. Click Continue. Select the uncracked domain as the Crack Domain. On the menu which appeaars, Specify the Crack Location by clicking on the line signifying the crack. Click Ok.
5. Double click on Interactions. Enter name as Growth. Select Initial Step and Types for Selected Step as XFEM Crack Growth. Click Continue. XFEM Crack should have EdgeCrack. Click Ok.
Creating the Boundary Conditions and Loads
1. Double click on Steps. Enter Name as Loading. Accept default setting and click Continue. Accept default settings and click Ok.
2. Double click on Loads. Enter name as TopPressure, Category is Mechanical, Type is Pressure. Click Continue. Select the top edge of the domain. Click Done. Enter -1 as Magnitude, other settings are default. Click Ok.
3. Repeat step 2 for the bottom edge of the domain, entering the name as BottomPressure.
4. Double click on BCs. Enter name as FixedBRC, Step is Initial, Category is Mechanical, Types for Selected Step is Displacement/Rotation. Click on the bottom right corner of the domain. Click Done. Set U1, U2 and UR3 to zero. Click Ok.
5. Repeat step 4 for the top right corner of the domain. Enter name as RollerTRC. Set U1 and UR3 to zero.
6. Expand Field Output Requests, double click on F-Output-1. Expand the Failure/Fracture options and check the box next to PHILSM, Level set value phi. Click Ok. This will allow you to view the level set function defining the crack.
Solving the System of Equations
1. Double click on Jobs. Enter name as EdgeCrack. Click Continue. Accept defualt settings by clicking Ok.
2. Expand Jobs. Right click on EdgeCrack and click Submit.
3. Right click on EdgeCrack, click Results to view results.